Friday, May 22, 2020

AP English Language and Composition Classes - 1650 Words

Ms. Czapski’s 1st, 2nd, 5th, and 6th Hour Advanced Placement English Language and Composition Classes Name: __________________________________________ Hour: ________ Date: _____________________ Introduction to Writing the Precis DIRECTIONS: Please thoughtfully answer each of the following questions about Geoffrey Nunberg’s The –Ism Schism; How Much Wallop Can a Simple Word Pack, Ellen Goodman’s In Praise of a Snail’s Pace, and Ronald J. Glasser’s We are not Immune: Influenza, SARS, and the Collapse of Public Health. You may write directly on this worksheet. For Geoffrey Nunberg’s The Ism Schism; How Much Wallop Can a Simple Word Pack: 1.) What is the complete name of the author of this article? _____________________†¦show more content†¦Ask yourself how the language of the work excludes certain audiences (non-specialists would not understand the terminology; children would not understand the irony) in order to see that the author did make certain assumptions about the pre-existing knowledge of the audience. You may also report the author s tone. ____________________________________________________________ ________________ ____________________________________________________________ _________________________ For Ellen Goodman’s In Praise of a Snail’s Pace: 1.) What is the complete name of the author of this article? __________________________________________ 2.) Who is this author? What are his/her expertise in relation to this topic? What is his/her experience with this topic? How did he/she gain his/her knowledge to compose this article? Use a short phrase to answer this question: ____________________________________________________________ ______________________ 3.) What is the genre of this work (what type of writing is it)? _________________________________________ 4.) What is the complete title of the work? _______________________________________________________ 5.) What is the publication date of this piece of writing? _____________________________________________ 6.) Is any other interesting orShow MoreRelatedGraduation Speech : Skipping English964 Words   |  4 PagesPlacement (AP) and AICE classes in order to obtain college credit hours well in advance, and each one presents an exam at the end of the year. If they pass these exams with a certain grade or score, then they can avoid taking certain prerequisite classes because they met some of the requirements for their college general education plan.. In fact, I was able to skip English Composition I in my freshman year , for my scores in AP English Language and Composition allowed me to enroll in Honors English CompositionRead MoreClass Reflection Essay786 Words   |  4 PagesThroughout the time that I was in high-school I have taken many English classes leading up to this Ivy Tech class. During my freshman year I was required to participate in English 9 which required students to do more reading than writing. During my sophomore year I took English 10 that involved more reading. Then last year I took AP Language and Composition for college credits. Reading and writing were split 50/50. We were required to read a new book every nine weeks and be quizzed. We also wroteRead MoreAP English Language and Composition. Reading Assignment1480 Words   |  6 PagesAP English Language and Composition Summer Reading Assignment Welcome to APE! You are about to begin a course unlike any other English class you have taken. Before beginning your summer reading assignment, you must revisit your ideas about critical reading. Follow the link below to the site â€Å"Critical Reading of an Essay’s Argument.† While this site focuses on finding the central argument of an essay, the strategies suggested will benefit your reading of any text. Please annotate the articleRead MoreCollege Preparatory High School1476 Words   |  6 PagesNorthside College Preparatory High School (Chicago, IL) With a unique focus on physics, technology and constitutional law, Northside College Preparatory High School is far from your average magnet school. All of its classes are available at both Honors and Advanced Placement level and more than 95% of students go on to graduate. This is quite a feat when you consider that roughly 38% of the student body happens to be economically disadvantaged. Entry into the school is competitive, with factorsRead MoreEnglish Reflection Paper1293 Words   |  6 PagesSpeech. The English language has been hard for me to grasp. It still is today, in many ways. Of course, I have grown to love it and accept it, even indulge, in the challenge it presents. This did not come naturally, though. As a young child, I had a speech impediment. It was hard for me to make myself understood, even less so through my writing. Not only was it hard for me to write, but also to read. As a result, from the time I was four years old to the time I was nine years old, I worked with speechRead MoreWho Are You As A Writer? Essay1654 Words   |  7 Pages† Wrong. This was my first encounter with a truly bad teacher. Ms. Enterline, my sixth grade language arts teacher was a cold and strict woman who made learning so harsh. My first day I was yelled at for drinking water and from that point on, I hated her. I wrote papers good enough for a sixth grader but none theless, she marked my papers up with every criticism there was. I was a sixth grader and language arts writing was the least of my worries. As long as I had an A in the class, who cared whatRead MoreElementary School Is An Absolute Ball1233 Words   |  5 Pagesto school really. Actually, really looking back I loved elementary, middle, and high school all for the reason that it made me who I am today. If it were not for all the classes, extra curriculars, and other school-related activities, I would not have the friends I have today, would not know even a quarter of all the math, English, history, science I was taught, and would not have any of the confidence and respect I now withhold as a graduate of 14 whole years of schooling. Messy hair, dirty nailsRead MoreGender Equality : A Well Discussed Issue Essay1411 Words   |  6 PagesJoseline Santizo Mrs. Coogan English 101-4 9 December 2015 Women in STEM Gender equality has been a well-discussed issue in recent years. By some people, women are not treated on the same level as men because of preconceived stereotypes and gender roles. However, others have been fighting tirelessly to increase the amount of people who treat women and men equally. Although women are treated more fairly with regards to men today than in the 1950’s, there are still many discrepancies between theRead MoreEnglish Language And Composition Of The Victorian Era1320 Words   |  6 PagesMichael Linares Ms. Sipars AP English Language and Composition 15 September 2015 Response #1 England’s Victorian Era was a very influential and interesting Era that took place during the time that Queen Victoria was the Queen of England. The Victorian Era started around 1830 and lasted up until the start of the 20th Century. During this Era England became very powerful. Many amazing masterpieces were created by great artists like Oscar Wilde and Charles Dickens. The three class system which weRead MoreSummer Reading2774 Words   |  12 PagesOUR SAVIOR NEW AMERICAN SCHOOL SUMMER READING ASSIGNMENT 2012-2013 High School English 9th – 12th grade OSNAS students are required to read two novels if placed in an English Regular’s or Honor’s class and three novels if placed in an AP English class: Several grades will be given for the summer reading. ïÆ'Ëœ Dialectical response journals for each book (rubric attached). ïÆ'Ëœ Exams on the assigned novels within the first days of school. ïÆ'Ëœ In class essay questions on each of the novels. 9th Grade Regulars

Friday, May 8, 2020

Assessment of Teen Pregnancy Prevention Interventions

Assessment of Teen Pregnancy Prevention Interventions How is the literature review used in this research study? Using one (1) previous study cited by the authors, discuss how the findings of this past study is relevant to the current study. (2 pts) The literature review in this study was used to demonstrate the problem and occurrence of adolescent pregnancy and birth rates in the United States. Furthermore, the concern about this phenomenon as it pertains to Florida is addressed. A correlation between teenagers who live in poverty and a greater risk of teenage pregnancy was asserted through the literature. The authors cite a 2001 report by the Florida Department of Health Office of Vital Statistics that estimates the birthrate was 35.3 per 1,000 females aged 15-19 in the state and 41.7 in Hillsborough County, where this current study takes place. What are the ethical considerations in this study for the data collection process? (1.5 pts) This study compared students who participated in one of programs designed to mitigate adolescent pregnancy with a control group. Participants were chosen randomly in order to assure the integrity of the research. Data was collected anonymously on each research protocol. No indication is given as to whether or not parental consent to participate in the survey was sought. State the statistical tests or data analysis methods/procedures used in the study. (1 pt) Statistical analyses for this study consisted of chi-square tests ofShow MoreRelatedTeenage Moms That Are Still In High School Get Pregnant1391 Words   |  6 Pagesare still in high school get pregnant at a young age, and are not able to support themselves or their child. There were just under a quarter million pregnancies in women ages fifteen to nineteen in 2014. About eighty-five percent of these pregnancies are unplanned, which in any population can increase the risk for problems. The biggest risk for teen mothers is delaying prenatal care or worse, about seven percent received no care at all. According to CDC, In 2014, almost 250,000 babies were bornRead MorePublic Health Nurses : The Leading Cause Of Death Among Girls Essay1709 Words   |  7 PagesComplications from pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death among girls ages 15-19 in LMIC’s (Morris Rushwan, 2015). The primary reason for these preventable death-causing complications is that teenagers are not properly supplied with contraceptives. Due to these unplanned and unwanted pregnancies approximately 4.5 million teenage girls undergo an abortion each year, with an estimated 3 million of them being performed unsafely (Morris Rushwan, 2015). Some detrimental complicationsRead MorePregnancy Prevention Programs Are Still Being Left Unanswered1727 Words   |  7 PagesPregnancy amongst school aged children is a major social problem that has been rapidly increasing throughout many at risk populations for centuries (Leonard, Sara Major and Suellentrop, Katherine, 2013). While funding for programs that provide services to the pregnant population is growing the true question about pregnancy prevention programs are still being left unanswered. What efforts are being made towards the prevention of these very same pregnancies? All too often courses such as sex educationRead MoreTeenage Pregnancy Among Urban Adolescent Women1115 Words   |  5 PagesAccording to the study, â€Å"Multi-level Factors Associated with Pregnancy among Urban Adolescent Women Seeking Psychological Services† teen pregnancy is still an ongoing issue that affects minority women. A great deal of research and literature pertaining to teenage pregnancy has been completed, however not much research focus on teen pregnancy amongst those females with mental illness (Lang et al., 2013). Due to the scarcity of research and literature, an investigation of risk factors associated withRead MoreHealth And Social Service Programs1235 Words   |  5 PagesBackground: Adolescent pregnancy, primarily occurring in ages 13-18 years, has a negative impact on the physical, psychological, educational, and economic area of the pregnant girls. Objective: To evaluate some health and social service programs that can reduce American adolescent Pregnancy from Ages 13- 18 and improve their quality of life. Methods: Review two research articles and to assess the overall quality of the data from the studies. Results: After the assessment of the two research articlesRead MoreCommunity Assessment Results And Analysis1093 Words   |  5 PagesCommunity Assessment Results and Analysis Bennington County is made up of Arlington, Bennington, Dorset, Manchester, Readsboro, and Shaftsbury. In July 2015, Bennington County had 36,317 people with the majority being female at 51.5%. The majority of this county is over the age of 65 at 21.7%, with the second highest percent of population being over the age of 18 at 19.3%, and people under the age of 5 make up 4.7% of the population. Unable to find data that directly shows the percentage of adolescentsRead MoreEpidemiology Paper2084 Words   |  9 PagesEpidemiology Paper Epidemiology Paper Many issues are at the forefront of public health, but prevention is still the topic most discussed by health professionals. This will always be the way to break the cycle of diseases and many other health-related problems. Using the epidemiology triangle and the basics of epidemiology teenage pregnancy will be examined. This issue is still the number one preventable problem in the United States because it is not a disease, it does not â€Å"accidentally†Read MoreLow Income Black And Hispanic Adolescent Females Essay1532 Words   |  7 Pagesunplanned pregnancy. Increased utilization of dual contraception is of great importance in these communities. Adolescent females in general are less likely to use dual forms of protection from STD’s and unplanned pregnancy. Young women, due to their anatomy tend to be more susceptible to STD’s than are young men. Black and Hispanic females are 4.9x and 2.1x, respectively, more likely to contract chlamydia (which is a common STD) than their white counterparts. When it comes to pregnancy 3 in 10 adolescentRead MoreTeen Pregnancy Is A Global Problem Essay1657 Words   |  7 Pages Literature Review Teen pregnancy is a global problem, it affects all demographics, but certain populations are at greater risk. Statics show that African-American and Hispanic teenage women in the Unites States have the highest birthrates. Inconsistent research of young African American women is at a greater risk of becoming teenage mothers; the culture may contribute to this trend, though the complex relationships (Furstenberg, 1992; Geronimus, 2003; Sullivan, 1993). According to Trussell (1988)Read MoreEssay The Importance of Prenatal Care1658 Words   |  7 PagesThe Importance of Prenatal Care Prenatal care is widely accepted as an important element in improving pregnancy outcome. (Gorrie, McKinney, Murray, 1998). Prenatal care is defined as care of a pregnant woman during the time in the maternity cycle that begins with conception and ends with the onset of labor. A medical, surgical, gynecologic, obstretic, social and family history is taken (Mosbys Medical, Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary, 1998). It is important for a pregnant woman as

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Board of Directors †Roles and Responsibilities Free Essays

The Board of Directors – roles and responsibilities The board’s key purpose is to ensure the company’s prosperity by collectively directing the company’s affairs, whilst meeting the appropriate interests of its shareholders and stakeholders. The objects of the company are defined in the Memorandum of Association and regulations are laid out in the Articles of Association. Appointment of directors The ultimate control as to the composition of the board of directors rests with the shareholders, who can always appoint, and – more importantly, sometimes – dismiss a director. We will write a custom essay sample on The Board of Directors – Roles and Responsibilities or any similar topic only for you Order Now The shareholders can also fix the minimum and maximum number of directors. However, the board can usually appoint (but not dismiss) a director to his office as well. A director may be dismissed from office by a majority vote of the shareholders, provided that a special procedure is followed. The procedure is complex, and legal advice will always be required. Role of the board of directors Boards can be helped greatly by focusing on four key areas: Establish vision, mission and values †¢ Determine the company’s vision and mission to guide and set the pace for its current operations and future development. †¢ †¢ Determine the values to be promoted throughout the company. Determine and review company goals. Determine company policies Set strategy and structure †¢ Review and evaluate present and future opportunities, threats and risks in the external environment and current and future strengths, weaknesses and risks relating to the company. †¢ †¢ â₠¬ ¢ Determine strategic options, select those to be pursued, and decide the means to implement and support them. Determine the business strategies and plans that underpin the corporate strategy. Ensure that the company’s organisational structure and capability are appropriate for implementing the chosen strategies. Delegate to management †¢ Delegate authority to management, and monitor and evaluate the implementation of policies, strategies and business plans. †¢ †¢ †¢ Determine monitoring criteria to be used by the board. Ensure that internal controls are effective. Communicate with senior management. Exercise accountability to shareholders and be responsible to relevant stakeholders †¢ Ensure that communications both to and from shareholders and relevant stakeholders are effective. †¢ †¢ Understand and take into account the interests of shareholders and relevant stakeholders. Monitor relations with shareholders and relevant stakeholders by gathering and evaluation of appropriate information. Promote the goodwill and support of shareholders and relevant stakeholders. Responsibilities of directors Directors look after the affairs of the company, and are in a position of trust. They might abuse their position in order to profit at the expense of their company, and, therefore, at the expense of the shareholders of the company. Consequently, the law imposes a number of duties, burdens and responsibilities upon directors, to prevent abuse. Much of company law can be seen as a balance between allowing directors to manage the company’s business so as to make a profit, and preventing them from abusing this freedom. Directors are responsible for ensuring that proper books of account are kept. In some circumstances, a director can be required to help pay the debts of his company, even though it is a separate legal person. For example, directors of a company who try to ‘trade out of difficulty’ and fail may be found guilty of ‘wrongful trading’ and can be made personally liable. Directors are particularly vulnerable if they have acted in a way which benefits themselves. †¢ The directors must always exercise their powers for a ‘proper purpose’ – that is, in furtherance of the reason for which they were given those powers by the shareholders. Directors must act in good faith in what they honestly believe to be the best interests of the company, and not for any collateral purpose. This means that, particularly in the event of a conflict of interest between the company’s interests and their own, the directors must always favour the company. Directors must act with due skill and care. Directors must consider the interests of employees of the company. †¢ †¢ †¢ Calling a directors’ meeting A director, or the secretary at the request of a director, may call a directors’ meeting. A secretary may not call a meeting unless requested to do so by a director or the directors. Each director must be given reasonable notice of the meeting, stating its date, time and place. Commonly, seven days is given but what is ‘reasonable’ depends in the last resort on the circumstances Non-executive directors Legally speaking, there is no distinction between an executive and non-executive director. Yet there is inescapably a sense that the non-executive’s role can be seen as balancing that of the executive director, so as to ensure the board as a whole functions effectively. Where the executive director has an intimate knowledge of the company, the non-executive director may be expected to have a wider perspective of the world at large. 2 The chairman of the board The articles usually provide for the election of a chairman of the board. They empower the directors to appoint one of their own number as chairman and to determine the period for which he is to hold office. If no chairman is elected, or the elected chairman is not present within five minutes of the time fixed for the meeting or is unwilling to preside, those directors in attendance may usually elect one of their number as chairman of the meeting. The chairman will usually have a second of casting vote in the case of equality of votes. Unless the articles confer such a vote upon him, however, a chairman has no casting vote merely by virtue of his office. Since the chairman’s position is of great importance, it is vital that his election is clearly in accordance with any special procedure laid down by the articles and that it is unambiguously minuted; this is especially important to avoid disputes as to his period in office. Usually there is no special procedure for resignation. As for removal, articles usually empower the board to remove the chairman from office at any time. Proper and clear minutes are important in order to avoid disputes. Role of the chairman The chairman’s role includes managing the board’s business and acting as its facilitator and guide. This can include: †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ Determining board composition and organisation; Clarifying board and management responsibilities; Planning and managing board and board committee meetings; Developing the effectiveness of the board. Shadow directors In many circumstances, the law applies not only to a director, but to a ‘shadow director’. A shadow director is a person in accordance with whose directions or instructions the directors of a company are accustomed to act. Under this definition, it is possible that a director, or the whole board, of a holding company, and the holding company itself, could be treated as a shadow director of a subsidiary. Professional advisers giving advice in their professional capacity are specifically excluded from the definition of a shadow director in the companies legislation. RCW 5/11/2000 Sources: Standards for the Board, Institute of Directors The Independent Director, IoD/Ernst ; Young Running a limited company, David Impney ; Nicholas Montague, Jordans  © 2000 Brefi Group Limited http://www. corporatecoach. co. uk/ How to cite The Board of Directors – Roles and Responsibilities, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Volkswagen of America Managing It Priorities free essay sample

Background In 2002, Volkswagen of America (VWoA) together with other organizational entities of the Volkswagen enterprise created a high-level business architecture called a blueprint. This blueprint of the business was primarily developed to formalize the new IT governance and prioritization processes linked to the corporate strategy. Each business unit categorized its IT projects for funding based on their business impact and their alignment with the business goals. Several entities within the organization ere involved in the process of categorizing similar projects under enterprise portfolios, and select the most viable current business projects. Problem The main problem with the new process of managing IT priorities was the lack of a global perspective and a holistic approach in prioritizing IT projects. This was apparent as a critical project of global Supply Flow management was left partially funded even though the project required full funding to stay on track. It was realized that the some business units were incorrectly aligning their projects to enterprise oals in the lieu of funding opportunities, leading important projects sidelined or unfunded. We will write a custom essay sample on Volkswagen of America: Managing It Priorities or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Recommendations and Alternatives Priority should be given to the projects that are aligned with business goals of the enterprise. The parent group and partner companies of Volkswagen of America should consider funding critical global projects, like the Supply Flow project. Although the recommendation would garner opposition from managers of the various business units, an understanding of long term benefits has to be clearly specified. Funds from other entities of Volkswagen will also Justify the allocation of funds to the other higher ranked projects. Volkswagen could also create strategy relationship between IT and other business units and try to involve other business leaders with IT selection. While the process would include higher cost, it would result in effective project selection. Alternately, the entire process may be reviewed and assessed thoroughly. This could prevent all the critical projects in the organization from being deprived of funds.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

House Price Analysis

House Price Analysis Median sale price for houses The graph below will show the trend of median sale prices for the houses for from 1993 to 2012. The data is presented in quarters.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on House Price Analysis specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More From the graph above, it is evident that there is an upward trend of median sale prices in all the cities. The trend is upward from year to year in all the quarters. It is an indication of increasing prices of housing over the years. The growth can be attributed partly to increase in the inflation level and partly to increase in the level of economic activity in the regions. Inflation increased from 65.7 in the first quarter of review 104.5 in the last quarter (Rabinowitz 2004) Estimation of the mean The graph below shows the trend of the mean value of sale prices. The mean value of sale prices was increasing over time. It is shown by the upward trend of values over time. T his could be an indication of the structural increase in the long run and the equilibrium. This could also be as a result of an increase in interest rates. Increase in interest rates increases the cost housing thus increasing the sale price of houses. Simple linear time regression Regression analysis is a statistical tool that is used to develop and approximate linear relationships among various variables. Regression analysis formulates an association between several variables. When coming up with the model, it is necessary to separate between dependent and independent variables.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Regression models are used to predict trends of future variables. The section carries out a simple linear regression between the mean sale price of houses and time. The mean sale price will be the explained variable while the explanatory variable will be tim e (Arnott McMillen 2006) The regression line will take the form Y = b0 + b1X Y = Mean prices X = Time The theoretical expectations are b0 can take any value and b1 0. Regression Results The table below summarizes the results of the regression. Coefficients Standard Error t calculated Intercept -74738.9 1873.306 -39.8968 Time (X) 37.59659 0.93548 40.18962 R2 95.50% From the above table, the regression equation can be written as Y = -74738.9 + 37.59659 X. The intercept value is not dependent on the area of the house but on other factors such as the location of the house. The value captures all other factors that were not included when modelling the regression line. The coefficient value 37.59569 implies there is a positive relationship between mean sale price and time. The value of the coefficient of determination is high and it shows a strong positive relationship between the two variables.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on House Price Analys is specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Real median prices Converting the nominal median sale prices to real median sale prices eliminates the effect of inflation. The real values are arrived at by using base year as a reference point and taking into account the consumer price index. Once the effect of inflation has been eliminated, one can now evaluate the real change in the median sale prices. From the calculations done, the real values are lower than the nominal values of median sale prices. However, the mean values still has the same trend as those for nominal median values as shown in the graph below. The graph above shows that there is an increase in the values for real sale prices over time. The results of the regression line are shown below. The regression line will take the form Y = b0 + b1X Y = Mean prices (real) X = TimeAdvertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The theoretical expectations are b0 can take any value and b1 0. Regression Results The table below summarizes the results of the regression. Coefficients Standard Error t calculated Intercept -59995.3 2805.289 -21.3865 Time (X) 30.27972 1.400888 21.61466 R2 86.00% From the above table, the regression equation can be written as Y = -59995.3 + 30.27972 X. The intercept value is not dependent on the area of the house but on other factors such as the location of the house. The value captures all other factors that were not included when modelling the regression line. The coefficient value 30.27972 implies there is a positive relationship between mean sale price and time. The value of the coefficient of determination declined from 95.50% to 86%. The value is still high and it shows a strong positive relationship between the two variables. The growth in real sale prices between September 1993 and September 2003 is 157.08% while the growth between December 2003 and Septem ber 2012 is (7.16%). It can be deduced that there was a rapid growth in real sale prices between 1993 and 2003 thereafter the prices increased at a declining rate and thereafter started to decline. (Evans 2008). This could be an indication that the government is putting up measures to ensure that there are no serious fluctuations in the sale prices of houses every year (Edwards 2007). Rent The growth in real rent between September 1993 and September 2003 is 88% while the growth between December 2003 and September 2012 is 120%. It can be deduced that there was a rapid growth in real rent between Dec 2003 and 2012. The growth rate for the first nine years was 88%. Thus, it can be deduced that there is a general increase in the rent level in Sydney and its regions. The ratio of house prices to income increased over the period. In 1993, the ratio was 0.00883 in 1993. The value increased to 0.010211 in 2012. This can be attributed to an increase in rent over the years. There was an incre ase in the rental yield over the years. The rental yield in 1993 was 74.78%. The value declined to bout 43% in 2003 thereafter it started to raise. The rental yield in 2012 was 81.43%. The graph below shows the relationship between rental yield and the ratio of house prices to income (O’Sullivan 2011; O’Sullivan Gibb 2008) The graph above shows that there is a negative relationship between rental yield and the ratio of house prices and rent. This can be seen in the downward trend that can be seen in the points in the diagram above. Prices and rent series tend to move in the same direction (McMillen McDonald 2011; Arnott McMillen 2006). Explaining the relative movement of prices There has been rapid growth in the property prices in the regions. The growth between 1993 and 2003 was more rapid than the growth rate between 2003 and 2012. This can be attributed to government interventions to stabilize the price of housing (Riley 2009). References Arnold, R 2011, Economi cs, Cengage Learning, USA. Arnott, R McMillen, D 2006, A companion to urban economics, Blackwell Publishing Ltd., USA. Edwards, M 2007, Regional and urban economics and economic development: Theory and methods, Auerbach Publications, New Delhi. Evans, A 2008, Economics and land use planning, John Wiley Sons USA. Mankiw, G 2011, Principles of economics, Cengage Learning, USA. McMillen, D McDonald, J 2011, Urban economics and real estate: Theory and policy, Hamilton Printing Company, USA. O’Sullivan, A Gibb, K 2008, Housing economics and public policy, John Wiley Sons USA. O’Sullivan, A 2011, Urban economics, McGraw-Hill Education, USA. Rabinowitz, A 2004, Urban economics and land use in America: The transformation of cities in the twentieth century, M.E. Sharpe, USA. Riley, G 2009, Housing market economics digital textbook, Tutor2u Limited, USA.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Finnish Culture of Michigans Upper Peninsula

Finnish Culture of Michigan's Upper Peninsula Tourists to the remote towns of the Upper Peninsula (UP) of Michigan may be puzzled by the many Finnish flags adorning local businesses and homes. Evidence of Finnish culture and ancestral pride is ubiquitous in Michigan, which is less surprising when taking into account that Michigan is home to more Finnish Americans than any other state, with the majority of these calling the remote Upper Peninsula home (Loukinen, 1996). In fact, this region has more than fifty times the proportion of Finnish Americans than the rest of the United States (Loukinen, 1996). The Great Finnish Emigration   Most of these Finnish settlers arrived on American soil during the â€Å"Great Finnish Immigration.† Between 1870 and 1929 an estimated 350,000 Finnish immigrants arrived in the United States, many of them settling in an area that would be come to known as the â€Å"Sauna Belt,† a region of especially high population density of Finnish Americans encompassing the northern counties of Wisconsin, the northwestern counties of Minnesota, and the central and northern counties of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan (Loukinen, 1996).   But why did so many Finns choose to settle half a world away? The answer lies in the many economic opportunities available in the â€Å"Sauna Belt† that were extremely scarce in Finland, a common dream to earn enough money to buy a farm, a need to escape from Russian oppression, and the Finn’s deep cultural connection to the land. Finding Home Half a World Away Like Finland, Michigan’s many lakes are the modern day remnants of glacial activity from thousands of years ago. In addition, due to Finland and Michigan’s similar latitude and climate, these two regions have very similar ecosystems. Both areas are home to seemingly ubiquitous pine-dominated mixed forests, aspens, maples, and picturesque birches. For those living off the land, both regions are located on beautiful peninsulas with a rich fish stock and woods full of delicious berries. The forests of both Michigan and Finland are home to a plethora of birds, bears, wolves, moose, elk, and reindeer. Like Finland, Michigan experiences bitterly cold winters and mild summers. As a result of their common high latitude, both experience very long days in the summer and significantly shortened daylight hours in the winter. It is easy to imagine that many of the Finnish immigrants arriving in Michigan after such a long sea voyage must have felt like they had found a piece of home half a world away. Economic Opportunities The primary reason Finnish immigrants chose to immigrate to the US was for the job opportunities available in the mines prevalent in the Great Lakes area. Many of these Finnish immigrants were young, uneducated, unskilled men who had grown up on small rural farms but did not own land themselves (Heikkil Uschanov, 2004). By Finnish rural tradition, the eldest son inherits the family farm. As the family plot of land is generally only large enough to support one family unit; splitting the land among siblings just was not an option. Instead, the oldest son inherited the farm and paid the younger siblings a cash compensation who were then forced to find work elsewhere (Heikkil Uschanov, 2004). The Finnish people have a very deep cultural connection to the land, so many of these younger sons who were unable to inherit land were looking for some way to earn enough money to buy land to operate their own farm. Now, in this point in history, Finland was experiencing rapid population growth. This rapid population growth was not accompanied by a rapid increase in industrialization, as seen in other European countries during this time, so a widespread job shortage occurred. At the same time, American employers were actually experiencing a labor shortage. In fact, recruiters were known to come to Finland to encourage frustrated Finns to immigrate to America for work. After some of the more adventurous Finns took the leap to emigrate and sailed to America, many wrote back home describing all of the opportunities they had found there (Loukinen, 1996). Some of these letters were actually published in local newspapers, encouraging many other Finns to follow them. â€Å"Amerika Fever† was spreading like wildfire. For the young, landless sons of Finland, immigration began to seem like the most viable option. Escaping Russification The Finns met these efforts to effectively eradicate their culture and political autonomy with widespread backlash, especially when Russia mandated a conscription law that forcibly drafted Finnish men to serve in the Russian Imperial Army. Many young Finnish men of conscription age saw serving in the Russian Imperial Army as unjust, unlawful, and immoral, and chose instead to emigrate to America illegally without passports or other travel papers. Like those who ventured to America seeking work, most if not all of these Finnish draft-dodgers had intentions to eventually return to Finland.   The Mines The Finns were wholly unprepared for the work that awaited them in the iron and copper mines. Many had come from rural farming families and were inexperienced laborers. Some immigrants report being ordered to begin work the same day that they arrived in Michigan from Finland. In the mines, most of the Finns worked as â€Å"trammers,† the equivalent of a human pack mule, responsible for filling and operating wagons with the broken ore. Miners were horrendously overworked and were subjected to extremely dangerous working conditions in an era where labor laws either didn’t properly exist or were largely unenforced. In addition to being completely ill-equipped for the manual component of mining work, they were equally unprepared for the transition from the completely culturally homogenous rural Finland to a high stress working environment working side by side with other immigrants from many different cultures speaking many different languages. The Finns responded to the massive influx of other cultures by shrinking back into their own community and interacting with other racial groups with great hesitation. Finns in the Upper Peninsula Today With such a high proportion of Finnish Americans in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, it is no wonder that even today Finnish culture is so intricately intertwined with the UP. The word â€Å"Yooper† means several things to the people of Michigan. For one, a Yooper is a colloquial name for someone the Upper Peninsula (derived the acronym â€Å"UP†). Yooper is also a linguistic dialect found in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan that is heavily influenced by Finnish due to the masses of Finnish immigrants who settled in Copper Country. In the UP of Michigan it is also possible to order a â€Å"Yooper† from Little Caesars Pizza, which comes with pepperoni, sausage, and mushrooms. Another signature UP dish is the pasty, a meat turnover that kept the miners satisfied through a hard day’s work in the mine. Yet another modern reminder of the UP’s Finnish immigrant past lies in Finlandia University, a small private liberal arts college established in 1896 in the thick of Copper Country on the Keweenaw Peninsula of the UP. This University boasts a strong Finnish identity and is the only remaining university established by Finnish immigrants in North America. Whether it was for economic opportunities, an escape from political oppression, or a strong cultural connection to the land, Finnish immigrants arrived in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan in droves, with most, if not all, believing that they would soon return to Finland. Generations later many of their descendants remain in this peninsula that looks eerily like their motherland; Finnish culture is still a very strong influence in the UP.

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Business Excellence Following The Example of Dell Inc Essay

Business Excellence Following The Example of Dell Inc - Essay Example After successfully doing business in the global markets for almost a decade, Dell began facing challenges in terms of competition, rapidly losing its market share and witnessing a reduction in its customer bases (Paul & et. al., 2007). Furthermore, the company was losing its market share in all the segments, namely, desktops, servers and notebooks during the same year to its major competitors. Notably, the major factors that led to the declining market share of Dell from all segments can be identified as the company’s emphasis on its traditional business model lacking in terms of innovation and transformation. Due to the company’s resistance to change in the global competitive market, other players in this industry such as HP and Lenovo emerged as the new leaders. They focussed on the emerging markets and segments such as Laptops, whereas Dell with a market share of 4.2% ranked eighth among other manufacturers (Paul & et. al., 2007). In today’s modern era, the processor rather the conception of change is attributed to the only continuous and inevitable phenomenon of the business world. Due to the incessant changes occurring in the external business environment, businesses are becoming increasingly swayed to implement strategic changes in their business processes. It is in this context that due to the ongoing changes in the global business environment, business entities are forced to alter their operational vision, goals and methodologies too often causing the risk of unplanned and chaotic changes in the working process which in turn are quite likely to give rise to perplexity within the human resources and thus lead towards a greater disruption in the overall operational functions of the organisation.